The Trashing of Margaret Mead: Anatomy of an Anthropological Controversy (Studies in American Thought and Culture)

By Paul Shankman

In 1928 Margaret Mead released Coming of Age in Samoa, a desirable research of the lives of adolescent ladies that remodeled Mead herself into an instructional big name. In 1983 anthropologist Derek Freeman released a scathing critique of Mead’s Samoan learn, badly harmful her popularity. Resonating past educational circles, his case opposed to Mead tapped into vital public issues of the Nineteen Eighties, together with sexual permissiveness, cultural relativism, and the nature/nurture debate. In venues from the New York Times to the television convey Donahue, Freeman argued that Mead have been “hoaxed” through Samoans whose blameless lies she took at face value.
    In The Trashing of Margaret Mead, Paul Shankman explores the numerous dimensions of the Mead-Freeman controversy because it constructed publicly and because it performed out privately, together with the non-public relationships, specialist rivalries, and larger-than-life personalities that drove it. supplying a serious standpoint on Freeman’s arguments, Shankman studies key questions on Samoan sexuality, the alleged hoaxing of Mead, and the which means of the debate. Why have been Freeman’s arguments so with no trouble authorized through pundits outdoors the sphere of anthropology? What did Samoans themselves imagine? Can Mead’s acceptance be salvaged from the quicksand of controversy? Written in an attractive, transparent type and according to a cautious assessment of the proof, The Trashing of Margaret Mead illuminates questions of putting up with value to the academy and beyond.
 
 
2010 special Lecturer in Anthropology on the American Museum of typical History
 
The Trashing of Margaret Mead reminds readers of the pitfalls of academia. It urges students to prevent own assaults and to interact in fit debate. The ebook redeems Mead whereas additionally redeeming the sector of anthropology. by means of exhibiting the individuality of the Mead-Freeman case, Shankman areas his endured self assurance in academia, students, and the sphere of anthropology.”—H-Net Reviews

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Mead didn't inform Cressman, yet this used to be the precipitating occasion of their divorce. whilst she figured out that she will not be capable of have teenagers, Mead selected to pursue extra fieldwork, and finally marriage, with Fortune. 1 On Mead’s recommendation, Fortune switched from psychology to anthropology on the collage of Cambridge in England. He acquired a provide to paintings in New Guinea and requested Mead to affix him. Cressman accredited the inevitable, and Mead could dossier for divorce in Mexico. Cressman wouldn't examine of Mead’s lack of ability to hold a baby to time period until eventually years later; once more, the person that advised him was once Ruth Benedict. 2 at the same time Mead labored via her own relationships, she all started writing up her Samoan box fabric. One end result used to be Coming of Age in Samoa—her first booklet, her best-known booklet, and her greatest vendor. by the point of her demise it had passed through six versions, been translated into 16 languages, and offered over 1000000 copies. The e-book remains to be in print this day, 8 a long time after it was once written. Mead and her writer sought after the publication to be readable through most of the people, and it was once. published in 1928, it contained no systematic footnotes or one zero one 102 Mead and Coming of Age in Samoa bibliography, as a qualified monograph could, even though it did have 5 appendixes. Mead wrote in what she referred to as “literate English,” a mode later dubbed the “wind rustling within the palm timber” college of ethnographic writing, and for strong cause. three Passages in Coming of Age evoked photos of paradise. In her bankruptcy “A Day in Samoa,” Mead wrote in a lyrical and idyllic demeanour, delivering sentences like this: “As the sunrise starts to fall one of the gentle brown roofs and the slim palm timber stand out opposed to the colourless, sparkling sea, fans slip domestic from trysts underneath the palm timber or within the shadow of beached canoes, that mild may well locate each one sleeper in his appointed position. ”4 the canopy of the 1st variation of Coming of Age repeated this subject matter, displaying a tender couple, either naked from the waist up, retaining arms and slipping away lower than the swaying fingers. five The constitution of the ebook the Samoan lifestyles cycle from early life via maturity. After the advent and “A Day in Samoa,” Mead defined in a few element the various aspects of coming of age: baby socialization, the Samoan family, the woman in her group, formal intercourse kinfolk, and the jobs of dance, character, individuality, clash, adulthood, and outdated age. those chapters have been filled with attention-grabbing anecdotes in regards to the humans she knew and studied. Mead included person tales into her topical assurance in a fashion that previous anthropological works had now not. What she attempted to offer readers used to be a feeling of the lives of Samoan teens instead of an impersonal narrative a couple of far away tradition. within the final chapters she drew specific comparisons among Samoa and the US simply because she sought after her e-book to be correct to public issues. but this was once now not the best way the e-book was once initially conceived and written.

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